Annual National Programme of the Republic of Slovenia for the
Implementation of the Membership Action Plan 2002 - 2003 (Executive
Membership in NATO is strategic foreign policy priority of
Slovenia, deriving from its strategic interests and common values that
we share with NATO member countries. On this premise, and on the basis
of the NATO Progress Report on Participation of Slovenia in the MAP
and the recommendations of the NATO member countries, the fourth
ANP/MAP sets out preparations of Slovenia both until and after the
summit in Prague.
1. Political Economic Issues
National Security Policy
Slovenia is implementing an active security policy, which goes beyond
the exclusive protection of its own territorial integrity. As a member
of the United Nations, the OSCE, as an associate member of the EU and
a member of a number of other international organisations and with its
engagement in EAPC and PfP, Slovenia actively participates in the
endeavours of the international community to ensure peace, security
and stability in Europe and world-wide.
Fight Against Terrorism
In the wake of the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11
September 2001, Slovenia immediately joined the international
anti-terrorist coalition, in which it is actively
participating. Slovenia is taking its share of responsibility in the
fight against international terrorism according to its own
abilities. It is implementing a range of practical measures in
compliance with the obligations deriving from the international
treaties and on the basis of its own legislation and decisions.
The International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing
of Terrorism and the International Convention for the Suppression of
Terrorist Bombings are expected to be ratified by the end of 2002.
Political Framework of Preparations for NATO Membership
The Government is continuing its intensive activities aimed at
fulfilling the foreign policy priorities of Slovenia - membership in
NATO and the EU. Slovenia is committed to be a reliable and strong
ally in the defence of common democratic values. The majority of the
parliamentary parties as well as the President of the Republic support
membership in NATO.
Public Support for NATO Membership
Due to enhanced interest in preparations of Slovenia for membership in
NATO, the Government intensified and extended its activities of
informing both domestic and foreign public during the last twelve
months. The aim of these activities is to provide the public with a
comprehensive and up-to-date information about NATO and to gain
majority public support for membership in NATO.
The results of the public opinion polls conducted in the recent
months have showed that the Government has been successful in allaying
the doubts on membership of Slovenia in NATO and that the public
support has increased. The Government will intensively continue the
public information programme concerning integration of Slovenia into
NATO and plans a wide range of activities, from media programmes and
direct communication with citizens to publication of information
Public Opinion Polls
Public opinion is regularly polled through annual field surveys and
monthly telephone polls. The latest opinion polls - the field survey
"Slovenians' standpoint regarding membership in NATO and EU"
carried out in May and June 2002 and the July
"Politbarometer" telephone poll show that 42.4% and 39%
respectively would vote favourably at a potential referendum on
membership of Slovenia in NATO and that 31.5% and 36% respectively
would vote against. About 25% of respondents remain undecided.
If only those respondents were taken into account who replied that
they would attend the referendum and had taken their stand on this
issue, then respectively 57% and 56% of respondents would be in favour
of joining NATO and 43% and 44% respectively would vote against it.
Human Rights and Ethnic Communities Protection
Slovenia is a party to all the important international instruments on
human rights protection. It guarantees the protection of human rights
to all persons on its territory in accordance with the Constitution
and the assumed international obligations. It guarantees the rights of
members of national, ethnic and other communities by provisions
concerning the protection of individual rights of persons, members of
national, ethnic and other communities, and the guaranteeing of
special rights to national (Italian and Hungarian) communities. Both
types of protection complement each other and they comply with
international law obligations assumed by Slovenia.
Internal Political Reforms
Slovenia has adopted measures to continue and conclude its public
administration reform in order to upgrade the existing system into a
more professional, politically neutral, transparent, effective and
public-service-user friendly system. The public administration reform
proceeds in compliance with the EU standards.
In accordance to the amendments to the Court Procedure Code adopted
at the end of 2000 judicial backlogs are systematically registered. An
analysis of reasons for the accumulation of backlogs was drawn up in
2002, on the basis of which measures were adopted for their reduction.
66% of nationalised property in the total value of USD 1.43 billion
was restituted by the end of May 2002. The value of the claimed
property increased by 1.9 % in 2002 due to 82 newly recorded
claims. Decisions on 1,520 claims were adopted in the first five
months of 2002, which shows 6.4% relative progress. The claims
concluded or resolved to date (25,222) account for 70% relative share
of the structure of the filed denationalisation claims.
International Relations, Relations with Neighbours and Regional Cooperation
Slovenia continues to implement its set foreign policy priorities:
integration into NATO and the EU and the development of
good-neighbourly relations. An important element of foreign policy of
Slovenia is constituted by the activities in the humanitarian field
and in the protection of human rights, particularly the rights of the
child. Slovenia is active in the UN, Council of Europe, Human Security
Network and numerous other international organisations and
Integration into the European Union
Slovenia has provisionally closed 28 out of the total of 31 chapters
in negotiations for membership in the EU and intends to complete
negotiations and close the remaining chapters by the end of this
year. The accession treaty is expected to be signed in the first half
Slovenia follows the development of European Security and Defence
Policy (ESDP). It welcomed the Laeken Declaration of December
2001. Slovenia believes that ESDP can become an efficient security
structure only through close Trans-Atlantic cooperation. A stronger
ESDP must not have a negative impact on NATO's cohesion and ability to
perform its tasks.
Slovenia will participate in the future operations of the European
police forces and in the EUPM operation, when the EU will take over
from the UN the police operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina on 1
Good Neighbourly Relations
Slovenia has developed a high level of bilateral and multilateral
cooperation with its neighbours. The national and other ethnic
communities and their status constitute an important link in
cooperation between Slovenia and its neighbours.
Slovenia is actively cooperating within various regional
initiatives; the Central European Initiative, the Danube Cooperation
Process, the Adriatic-Ionian Initiative, the "Regional
Partnership, the Alpe-Adria Working Community and the Quadrilaterale.
Cooperation with South-East Europe
Slovenia is taking an active part in the stabilisation of the
situation in South-Eastern Europe and in the international peace
forces there. The significance of the countries of South-East Europe
as trade partners of Slovenia is growing. Slovenia is one of the major
investors in the area.
Stability Pact for South-East Europe
Slovenia is carrying out 14 permanent projects within Working Table I
- Democratisation and Human Rights. It is continuing to chair the
international Human Rights and National Minorities Task Force.
Within the Working Table II - Economic Reconstruction, Development
and Cooperation Slovenia will intensify its contribution to sharing
its expertise in the area of social cohesion in the second half of
2002 and the first half of 2003.
Within the Working Table III - Security Issues Slovenia is carrying
out the Project of Disaster Management Training in South-East Europe
within the framework of the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness
Initiative. Regarding the fight against human trafficking the Ministry
of Justice is providing practical training for judges from courts and
public prosecutors' offices from the countries of South-East Europe.
Activities of Slovenia within the NATO's Southeast Europe Initiative
Slovenia has taken an active part in NATO's South-East Europe
Initiative from the very beginning, and has thus been engaged in the
strengthening of regional security with a programme of bilateral and
multilateral regional cooperation, which is also linked to the
Partnership for Peace working programme.
The International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine Victims Assistance
(ITF) was founded by the Government in March 1998. It originally
operated in Bosnia and Herzegovina and has later developed a regional
dimension and extended its activities to Croatia, Albania, the FRY (to
Kosovo at first) and to Macedonia. With its efficient and transparent
work the ITF has achieved extraordinary results and is now a major
demining partner in the region.
ITF offered to extend its activities to other regions, particularly
in the Caucasus. It also offered to provide equipment and training for
demining in Afghanistan.
The "TOGETHER" Regional Centre
The Government of Slovenia, the NGO "Slovenian Philanthropy"
and the City of Ljubljana founded the "Together" Regional
Centre for Psychosocial Well-being of Children in February 2002. With
it Slovenia wishes to contribute its share to psychosocial well being
and improvement of mental health of children affected by armed
confrontations in South-East Europe. The "Together" Centre
will continue its projects in the South-Eastern European region in
accordance with the most urgent requirements for rehabilitation of
victims of war.
The main economic indicators show that Slovenia is drawing ever closer
to and attaining the level of development similar to the EU Member
States. It has a stable economic growth, balanced public finances, a
market economy, successful monetary policy, decreasing unemployment
and, above all, every possibility to further accelerate its
The objectives of economic development strategy of Slovenia are to
reduce Slovenia's economic lagging behind the EU average and
development disparities among Slovenian regions by accelerating
economic growth, increasing the productivity and international
competitiveness of the economy while at the same time maintaining the
level of social cohesion. The estimated economic growth for 2002 is
3.3%, in 2003 and 2004 GDP growth is expected again to reach
The process of restructuring the corporate and banking sector has
reached its final stage, which includes the introduction of new
programmes, investments, and employment.
Intensive activities were pursued in 2001 with regard to the
privatisation of the two state-owned banks, i.e. Nova Ljubljanska
banka and Nova kreditna banka Maribor. The National Assembly adopted
the Insurance Companies Ownership Transformation Act on 7 May 2002.
2. Defence and Military Affairs
Policy and Planning
Significant changes have occurred since last year's ANP in that the
Slovenian government has decided to end conscription in 2004 and man
the army only with professional soldiers. Eligibility for service in
the reserve forces will continue until 2010, while a volunteer reserve
is created. These changes are supported by substantial increases in
the planned Defence Budget, which should reach 2.0% of GDP by 2008.
Key defence priority of Slovenia is to effect the reforms necessary
for integration into NATO. To ensure that the professionalisation
process is properly managed and supported by appropriate resources,
the Minister of Defence has instructed that a Strategic Defence Review
should be undertaken which will address every major area of
defence. The initial report on the findings and recommendations of the
defence review is expected by January 2003.
The government and parliament have now adopted all the necessary
legal documents to enable Slovenia to participate in all NATO
activities. In particular, the amended Defence Act allows Slovenia to
give assistance in defence to its allies and for foreign troops to be
stationed on Slovenian soil.
The MoD has made some progress in the development of the defence
planning system and a 6 year resource plan will be produced in
2002. The long-term plan will be revised once the outcome of the
Strategic Defence Review is known. A pilot business plan is also being
prepared, with the aim of introducing a full business planning process
in 2003. This will improve the overall management of the defence
The Slovenian Armed Forces (SAF)
The SAF continues to increase the number of professional soldiers in
line with previous plans. This has enabled improved manning of the
reaction force, the core of which are the 10th and 17th
Battalions. The 10th Battalion is expected to reach full strength by
the end of 2002. The reaction force is at 30 days notice to deploy.
As of 1 August 2002, the regular strength of the SAF was
approaching 4,600 military personnel. Following the decision to
abolish conscription, the government has approved increased
recruitment targets, doubling the 2002 target to 600 additional
soldiers. Despite this decision being taken half way through the
year, the number of soldiers recruited by the end of July already
exceeded 300 and, therefore, the SAF is optimistic it will get close
to achieving this year's target.
While increasing the professional strength of the SAF, the plans
for the reduction of the wartime strength continue to be
implemented. A single Force Command will be created in 2003, which
will assume the operational responsibilities of the General Staff. The
organisation of the reduced General Staff will be reviewed in
conjunction with that of the MoD.
A professionalisation project group has been formed to oversee the
process and to develop appropriate policies for a fully professional
army. This will include the establishment of clear career paths and an
effective personnel management system.
The process of professionalisation of the SAF will be completed in
2010, when the maximum authorised mobilisable strength will not exceed
18,000 military personnel. The regular component will be at full
strength by 2008 but it is expected that it will take two more years
to complete the volunteer reserve structure. At the same time there
will be a rebalancing of the structure which will improve the officer:
NCO: soldier ratio. The number of civilians employed in both the SAF
and the MoD is expected to be reduced but the final number will not be
established until the Strategic Defence Review is complete.
The education and training system is being developed to take
account of the move to professionalisation. Conscript training will
continue until June 2004. Newly recruited professional soldiers who
have not completed normal military service will receive additional
training. Reserve training will continue on the current 5-year cycle
while liability for reserve service remains.
Equipment and Modernisation Plans
Funding for major procurement projects is secured through the Basic
Development Law, which has been extended until 2007. A working group
has been established to review the procurement decision making
process. Major procurement plans for 2002 and 2003 include logistic
support vehicles, utility helicopters, light armoured vehicles, and
Improvements in air defence will occur through the introduction
into operational use in 2003 of the ASOC system and the ROLAND
battery. 20 additional light armoured reconnaissance vehicles will be
introduce into operational service in 2003.
Longer-term procurement plans will focus on ensuring that the three
reaction force motorised battalions are fully equipped, and on
improving communications and logistic capabilities.
Slovenia continues to concentrate on achieving all the Partnership
Goals agreed with NATO. Twelve (12) PGs from the 2000 package have
been completed and the remainder included into the 2002 package. Most
goals should be completed by 2004, with the remainder completed by
NATO and International Activities
Slovenia continues to contribute forces to SFOR and KFOR and will make
a significant increase in its SFOR contribution later in the
year. Slovenia also participates in a range of activities concerned
with regional cooperation, including CENCOOP and SEDM. Bilateral
cooperation with NATO and PfP member states is wide ranging, including
training courses and joint exercises, both in Slovenia and abroad.
3. Financial Issues
As already noted, the Slovenian government has approved significant
increases in the Defence Budget. This decision was taken despite a
requirement in 2002 to reduce overall government spending. The budget
will continue to be a two-year rolling budget, which should ensure a
degree of stability for defence planning. In 2003 the defence budget
should reach 1.61% of GDP, increasing gradually to 2.0% by 2008.
4. Security Issues
Slovenia has achieved significant progress in the area of security
issues, since the Classified Information Act was adopted in November
2001. Two executive regulations have already been adopted and another
two are under preparation. Their adoption will facilitate the
alignment with the requirements of NATO security policy, establishment
of a National Security Authority in NATO context and ensure
consistency with NATO standards in the field of personnel security,
security of information, Infosec and physical security.
Following the adoption of the Classified Information Act, the
Office for the Protection of Classified Information was established by
the Government decision in January 2002. The Office also acts as a
National Security Authority in NATO context.
5. Legal Issues
Slovenia considers that it has now met the Partnership Goal on
"legal arrangements for participation in collective defence"
(PG G0050) and no further changes to legislation are required for the
specific purpose of NATO membership.
The last ANP stated that all the required amendments to national
legislation for NATO membership would be adopted in the first half of
2002. This was achieved, with the following legislation being passed
by the National Assembly: The Classified Information Act, Amendment to
the Criminal Procedure Act, Amendment to the Maritime Code and
Amendment to the Defence Act.
The amended Defence Act allows for the deployment of professional
military personnel and voluntary reservists abroad in peacetime. It
also provides for the possibility of the use of national airspace by
allied countries and it allows for the transit or stationing of
foreign armed forces on the territory of Slovenia. The Act facilitates
decision making by the government, without the need to seek
parliamentary approval in every instance.